How Do Sequencers Like React Native vs Flutter vs Ionic vs NativeScript fare-thee-well as Compared to PWA?

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How react-native differs from flutter? What is it that distinguishes ionic from NativeScript? Is creating react native app similar to developing progressive web apps?

Life without mobile phones looks unimaginable and now these are the sine qua non for every individual. Android and iOS development have converted the way an individual or an organization does its business. There is always incertitude as to what a customer must be offered – a mobile app with a superlative user interface (UI), an outstanding user experience (UX) or apps that are compatible with multiple platforms (Android and iOS) and are much faster to develop in the first instance. Ascertain the product of sequencers:

What are Flutter, React Native, NativeScript, and Ionic?

Flutter

Flutter is a mobile app SDK designed by Google, helpful in building high-quality native applications on iOS and Android. A mobile app is useful and recognizable only when it is backed by beautiful design, smooth animations, and great performance. Developers also have to consider some of the quintessential features to make the app usable without compromising on the performance or quality. Keeping this in mind, Google considered Flutter. It is a mobile UI framework to provide a fast and expressive way for developers to build native applications of iOS and Android. This is because apps and interfaces made up of Flutter are made from a single codebase that is compiled directly with native on code that makes use of the GPU and access platform API and services.  It helps in developing quick applications, expressive and flexible UI (custom design) and native apps for iOS and Android.

Why use Flutter?

  • To develop highly productive applications
  • To develop iOS and Android from a single codebase
  • To do more with less code
  • Change code, reload and run the app
  • Fix crashes and continue debugging from where the app left off
  • Build a highly customized user experience
  • It comes with a rich set of material design and widgets

Flutter is made up of widgets. It works in a modern react style framework, 2D rendering engine and various developmental tools.

Ionic

Targeted at building hybrid mobile apps, Ionic is an HTML5 mobile app development framework. Hybrid applications are essentially small websites that run in the browser shell in an app having an access to the native platform layer. Moreover, Ionic is a front-end UI framework and acts as Bootstrap for native, having support for a wide range of common native mobile components, design and animations.

How does Ionic Work?

Ionic comes with a very native style mobile UI element and layouts that comes with a native SDK on iOS or Android but didn’t exist before on the web. It gives one of the most powerful webs applications that eclipse existing HTML5 development framework. It requires a native wrapper like Cordova or PhoneGap in order to run as a native app since Ionic is an HTML5 framework.

Ionic was built keeping in mind that HTML will rule the browser, web and mobile applications. Ionic apps are built to run on low-level browser shells like iOS’ UIWebView or Android’s WebView and are wrapped by tools like PhoneGap or Cordova.

With Ionic, we are building a self-contained application experience with web pages with HTML, CSS, and JavaScript running at the core.

React Native

How is it possible to use React in a mobile environment? In case backend and iOS version are being updated by developers and Android code could not be used for it, then there are chances that iOS users are not able to use the features that Android users are using. With additional bandwidth issues that occur if simultaneously three platforms have to be updated, writing the entire application all over again seems the only option.

A web app that is there as an icon and a loader for webpage does not offer a same native feel as a proper native application and even does not work without a network connection. And if you require more functionality than a normal web page could offer like the integration of camera etc., it is better to look for frameworks that offer to write applications for the most popular mobile platforms like iOS and Android, by making use of the same codebase.

How does React Native work?

React Native invokes Objective-C APIs to render to iOS components, or Java APIs to render to Android components, Instead of rendering to the browser’s DOM. It makes use of JavaScript code to manage native views. It often ends up rendering web-based views and seems to be the preferred choice for cross-app platform development.

How React Native work

NativeScript

NativeScript is also an open source cross-platform network. It is used to create 100% native iOS and Android applications.  NativeScript apps can be built by making use of JavaScript, TypeScript or Angular. It has a direct support of Angular or Vue framework. Mobile applications built with NativeScript gives fully native apps making use of same API’s as if they are developed in Android Studio or Xcode. It has native API access with JavaScript, TypeScript or Angular.

How does Native Script work?

Multiple frameworks are available for building hybrid mobile applications where one codebase can be used for both Android and iOS and access native components. One thing that hybrid framework gives a miss, is that they are not able to access native components and make use of view for rendering.

How Native Script work

React native makes use of React JS in order to develop cross-platform apps. It makes use of JSX for rendering and is one of the fastest growing networks. It’s easy to get started with any of these options Angular, JavaScript or Typescript. This is the basic reason behind the popularity of NativeScript.

NativeScript vs React Native:

NativeScript React Native
The code can be written once and used anywhere It’s not possible to use the same code base on multiple platforms
NativeScript offers native rendering as it makes use of Angular. React Native is faster than NativeScript. It does not render native.
NativeScript has third party plugins but not as many as React Native. Those plugins are not 100% verified React Native has few plugins and has a huge open source community as compared to NativeScript.

 How to compare React Native Vs Flutter, Flutter Vs Ionic, Ionic Vs Native script, Flutter Vs React Native?

After a brief introduction of React Native, Flutter, Ionic and NativeScript and adding native platform languages like Java/Kotlin for Android, Swift/Objective C for iOS, lets’ find out how do they scale up on single codebase metric:

Write once, use anywhere

How much the code that is written can be used on multiple platforms, the ranking goes like this:

Write once, use anywhere

(Image source: academind.com)

Learn once, write everywhere

Learn once, write everywhere

(Image source: academind.com)

If the same code has to be adjusted in multiple platforms, is there a need to learn different language features, how complex is that adjustment? There is a need to learn just one language for all options like Ionic except in native languages.

Rich Pre-Styled Component Library

Rich Pre-Styled Component Library

(Image source: academind.com)

Can attractive user interfaces be made easily? There is a need to style a lot of UI elements along with the pre-existing ones. But it’s not always the components adapt to the underlying platform automatically.

Third Party Libraries

Is it easy to add any feature from third-party libraries into your app?

Third Party Libraries

(Image source: academind.com)

Popularity and Coverage

How popular is an option (Ionic, Flutter, React Native, NativeScript)?

Popularity Coverage

(Image source: academind.com)

Performance

How various technologies fare at runtime?

performance

(Image source: academind.com)

Accessive Native Device Features

How much access to device features is required on a mobile device? Is it easy to get this access? And is it easy for new features like AR API on iOS and Android?

Accessive Native Device Features

(Image source: academind.com)

Usage in Real World

What is the parity of usage of a technology among global users? They look similar but have slight differences. How do these compare? React Native Vs Flutter, Flutter Vs Ionic, Ionic Vs Native script, Flutter Vs React Native

Real World Usage

(Image source: academind.com)

Bend Dexter Into Progressive Web Apps

PWA’s are slightly better than web apps. These are built in a way such that they can run equally well in old browsers. These can fit into all screen sizes with a responsive design. These can work on various browsers and can leverage service workers to enable offline connectivity (HTTPS). It’s convenient to develop a progressive web app as these provide an app-like experience that leverages re-engagement tools such as push notifications etc. PWAs take advantage of new technologies to bring the best of mobile sites and native applications to users. They’re reliable, fast and engaging.

  • Instant Loading – Service workers allow your apps to load nearly instantly and reliably, no matter what kind of network connection your user is on.
  • Fast – Smooth animations, scrolling, and navigation keep the experience silky smooth.
  • Worthy of being on the home screen – As soon as the criteria of PWA are met, Chrome prompts to add the PWA on the home screen.
  • Secure – HTTPS secures the connection between you and your users, ensuring your user’s information is protected and isn’t tampered with.
  • Push Notifications – Web push notifications make it easy to re-engage with users by showing relevant, timely and contextual notifications, even when the browser is closed. Users spend 4 times more time on PWA.
  • Responsive – Modern users live on phones, tablets, and laptops, your apps and websites should do the same. Learn how to structure and code your content to look great on the screen of any size.
  • Improved Conversions – Delivering high user experience helps in increasing conversions.

Surcease Parole

After discussing all these metrics, are you able to select the one that you require for your next app/website? There are two major options – Native apps (Swift, Objective C, and Java) or wrapped apps (Ionic) for a superfast development experience. But if you really care for performance and speed, React Native, Flutter or NativeScript are the ones you should choose for your upcoming app. If none of the above work it’s time for a surprisal – Progressive web apps (PWA). Although PWA’s cannot be really good at accessing device features like GPS, camera, skipping app store/play store, these can still be considered as an additive advantage.

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About Author
Neeti Kotia

Neeti Kotia

Neeti got her master's degree in software engineering in 2009 and has been working since for software companies of all sizes as a technical writer. What started as a high school passion has now been converted into a serious profession. She has a special knack of learning from all verticals and imbibing the extracts into her writing. She enjoys learning technical aspects of writing from her tasks where her experience and understanding are most impactful.

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  • erata61

    thans for article.

    • Thanks for reading, stay with us for updates!

  • Zishan Lalani

    thats an interesting read, if we are looking at creating a B2B app, what do u suggest…

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