Statista reported 52.2% of worldwide online traffic generated through mobile phones in 2018. There has been a simultaneous increase in cross-platform programming, a much awaited switch from core native (that is expensive) and an increase in interest in progressive web apps. Technologies like Kotlin, AR, VR, IoT, Chatbots have further strengthened Android App Development.
Instead of browsing all the way down, according to me, by all odds it’s Kotlin.
Kotlin is general-purpose programming language and it was first introduced by JetBrains in 2011, which is the originator of IntelliJ IDEA, PyCharm, and many other top IDEs. It got its name from ‘Kotlin Island’ in St. Petersburg, Russia. Kotlin was actually created to be better than Java in every possible way. But JetBrains didn’t put an effort to write an entire new IDE’s from scratch. This was the reason why Kotlin was made 100% interoperable with Java. If you’re planning to fiddle around with Kotlin along with Java, you can do that without guilt.
Kotlin sharing and app-cloud based services which offer a higher level feature set like Google Firebase will feature on Android as a platform in coming times.
Drastically decrease the volume of boilerplate code
Avoid whole classes of errors like null pointer exceptions.
Use any existing libraries for the Android, JVM, and the browser.
Select any Java IDE or create from the command line.
|Fully OPP (Object Oriented Programming)||Fully OPP||Not Pure OPP|
|Functional Reactive Programming||Yes||No|
|Singleton Objects||Easily create Singleton Objects||Yes|
Android development has always been tagged with Java Development. But Kotlin has outpaced it in performance, simplicity, maintainability, robustness, and lightweight code. Developers and users lure for feature-rich, effective and cost-efficient mobile apps that help increase the efficiency of processes, increasing competencies, meet customers’ expectations, help maintain business’ reputation and remove uncertainty. That is quite a bit. Google has already extended its support to the Android community for using Kotlin as ‘first-class’ language.
Java has been a favorite option of developers for Android App Development ever since. It is an object-oriented language that is second most loved language on GitHub. Been there for more than 20 years, its popularity only seems to grow.
It always has Java by its side, due to the presence of Android SDK. Slower compilation seems to be the only feature that needs an update in Kotlin. Famous Java use cases include Android-oss, NewPipe and WordPress Engineering, etc.
So the main reason behind Kotlin’s adoption is that it addresses issues left behind by Java and ranks amongst the top 5 favourite programing languages amongst developers. Kotlin has inbuilt safety mechanisms as discussed above in addition to being concise and expressive than Java at the same time.
Java is a widely used programming language and forms the basis of Android development. There can be many reasons why Java for Android Development is not always preferred:
Heard about JetBrains’ Java to Kotlin converter integrated into IntelliJ ? It seems like an easy option but is not completely error free. But it can help save a lot of code. Migrating the entire Java code can be tiresomely long without it.
Out of various programming paradigms, which are currently in use, it’s not easy to evaluate which approach will turn out to be the best or reap rewards beyond expectations. Each of these programming paradigms has their own set of strengths and weakness. There can be various scenarios where functional programming approach can be effective while procedural approach can be simultaneously used in other places.
Is the differentiation between functional and procedural apt? Kotlin is the merger of both functional and procedural approach and aims to bring out the best from the two. Once you gain an experience in Java application development, you will have an even better understanding and appreciation for Kotlin.
Understanding all the above features, differences and benefits Kotlin fares even well when combined with latest technological innovations:
Neeti got her master's degree in software engineering in 2009 and has been working since for software companies of all sizes as a technical writer. What started as a high school passion has now been converted into a serious profession. She has a special knack of learning from all verticals and imbibing the extracts into her writing. She enjoys learning technical aspects of writing from her tasks where her experience and understanding are most impactful.