Vue.js vs. AngularJS: Which Framework is Preferable for Website Development?

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Find out what triggers modern enterprises to adapt one of these Front-End-JavaScript-Based-UI-Web-Frameworks? Know the deep-seated differences between Vue vs. Angularjs!

For all the business owners who are looking for front-end development services – Vue.js and AngularJS pop-up as premier options for creating your web apps. Front-end development used to be based on JavaScript Frameworks earlier. Angular is basically used by larger enterprises owing to its predefined structure which ensures that every developer follows the same architecture. Vue allows developers to structure the project in the way they want, allowing the user to write their template in an HTML file or JavaScript file.

How Best Can We Describe AngularJS?

  • Structure: AngularJS is a structural framework used for creating dynamic web applications.
  • Template: It allows developers to make use of HTML as their template language and thus extends HTML’s syntax to express their application’s components clearly and succinctly.
  • Data Binding: Angular encourages data binding coupled with dependency injection to eliminate much of the code that the developer would otherwise have to write manually.
  • Browser to Server: Most of the functions are applicable to the browser, making it an ideal partner with any server technology.
  • Tricking the Browser: If it were designed to create a mobile app, then AngularJS would have been a synonym for HTML. Later is a declarative language for static documents. It seldom contains much in the way of creating applications and needs to trick the browser for doing what it wants.
  • The Sync: The need to create a dynamic or a static application, the synchronicity between the underlying technologies and tools is resolved by the presence of libraries and frameworks viz-a-viz jQuery and Durandal, ember etc.
  • Impedance Mismatch: AngularJS as well creates new HTML constructs in an attempt to minimize the impedance mismatch between the documents centric HTML that an application requires by creating new HTML constructs.
  • Directives: AngularJS makes use of directives (constructs) that acts as a new syntax for the browser:
  • Data binding, as in {{}}.
  • It supports forms and validations.
  • DOM control structures to repeat show and hide DOM fragments.
  • Attach new behaviour to DOM elements, such as DOM event handling.
  • Grouping of HTML into reusable components.
  • Handling DOM: AngularJS handles DOM and AJAX to build the client-side of a web application, which gives adequate convenience about creating, reading, updating and deleting an application (modifying it as desired).
  • Making a Cohesive Set: Basic templating directives, data binding, form validation, routing, reusable components, deep-linking and dependency injection.
  • Tests: It assists in unit testing, end-to-end testing, mocks and test harnesses.
  • Directory Layout: Angular helps with seed applications with directory layout and test scripts as a starting point
  • Simplifying Development: AngularJS simplifies application development by presenting a higher level of abstraction. But it comes at a cost of flexibility.
  • Applicability: Angular does not fit well for developing Gaming and GUI editor applications that require intensive DOM manipulation as these are different from regular CRUD based applications. In such a case there might be a need to make use of a library with a lower level of abstraction such as jQuery.
  • Syntax: Making use of declarative syntax is always a better idea than its imperative counterpart while building UI’s and wiring software components together – which is good for building business logic.

Advantages of AngularJS

  • Registering callbacks
  • Manipulating HTML DOM programmatically
  • Creating the boilerplate code via marshalling data to and from the UI: The data passage from the server to an internal object to an HTML form makes the form modification and validation easy, thus returning to an internal model and then back to the server
  • Writing initialization code: The need to write a lot of code to start the app is not required in Angular as bootstrapping can be done via available services

Why is Angular App Development Going Downhill In 2020?

  • While Angular Development Team focussed their efforts on Ivy runtime and compilers, attempting to prove that their framework is faster and smaller than all their counterparts.
  • A similar attempt was made to support Bazel which was an open-source version of a tool-chain made specifically for Google, but the team eventually failed to generalize it.
  • Angular CLI also comes with a preset of tools – TSLint, which wasn’t much used by Angular development team
  • The View Engine-to-Ivy transition plan for Angular libraries was never implemented due to the instability of the Ivy Instruction Set.
  • Protractor still has some issues despite the presence of the Selenium WebDriver APIs.
  • Angular custom elements are still unusable for many use cases
  • js can always patch global API’s but is unable to intercept syntax like async-await. But at the same time, Angular’s NgZone and its subsequent default change detection strategy heavily relies on Zone.js to intercept all the tasks that could potentially make changes to the state of an Angular application. All this prevents Angular from outputting ES2018 bundles. Angular is not able to synchronize with DOM extension due to the non-interception of async-await by the NgZone.

How Best Can We Describe Vue.js?

Size, Simplicity, Integration, Documentation and Flexibility are some of the adjectives that define Vue.js. Vue is a progressive framework for building web applications/websites. It is designed to be incrementally adoptable. Its core library is focussed on the view layer which makes it easy for the developers to pick and integrate with other libraries or existing projects. Vue.js can essentially power single-page applications when used in combination with modern tooling and supporting libraries. Declarative Rendering, Conditionals and Loops, Handling User Input and Composing with Components – are some of the adjectives that define Vue.js website development.

What Features of Vue.js Are Similar to That of AngularJS?

Clearly, as the core purpose of Vue.JS and AngularJS are similar few of the features of Vue.js remind the programmers of working with AngularJS like model binding, templating,event binding, loops, conditionals – work in a similar way for both frameworks. All these similarities can well be considered at the time of migrating Angular Applications to Vue.js as AngularJS developers > Vue.js developers (in numbers).

Basic Comparison: Vue.js vs. Angular

ComparisonAngularJSVue.js
What it is? How it got started?It was a project in Google, based on HTML and JavaScript to manipulate DOM objects by extending HTML and subsequent directives to create single-page applications (SPA’s) with the help of dependency injection and data binding. It converts HTML to dynamic HTML.

It is a client-side JavaScript structural framework with MVC and MVVM for creating dynamic web applications. Angular is re-written and is an incompatible successor to AngularJS.

 

This is a convenient, progressive front-end framework that came right after AngularJS as a lightweight option to create interactive and attractive single-page applications (web apps only) for enterprises. It can be easily picked up from existing projects and libraries.It is easy to understand, is easy to integrate and develop applications.
When it came up?It was released in February 2012 (developed in 2008-2009 )It was released in February 2014
ApplicabilityUsed by Google, Forbes, Weather, HealthcareUsed by Alibaba, GitLab, etc.
Simpler Integration

 

The overall deployment of AngularJS is quite complicated but making use of Angular CLI can help developers handle the project creation to code optimization with a single command. This way the app can be deployed to any static host in just one command.Vue.js makes use of CLI that generates pre-configured robust set-up for hassle-free app development. Development in Vue.js is relatively easier than Angular as developers get optimized projects, running on a built-in command. It is easy to deploy Vue.js project on any static host and turn on the server-side rendering
Size and Load Time500+ KB; The huge size causes long loading and performance issues. Especially noticeable on mobile devices.Fast and average pace for front-end development.80KB; Everything is similar to Angular, just that this framework is extremely small in size, better than all major frameworks like React.js, Ember.js, AngularJS. Vue.js code works well even on the smallest smartphone.Lighter and faster than AngularJS.
ApplicabilityFew examples of the companies that have absorbed AngularJS into their applications:

  • Adobe
  • Alibaba
  • Behance
  • Buzzfeed
  • Euronews
  • Gitlab
  • Grammarly
  • Xiaomi
Few examples of the companies that have absorbed Vue.js into their applications:

  • Forbes
  • Freelancer
  • General Motors
  • HBO
  • NIKE
  • Paypal
  • Sony
  • Upwork
Is it complex?There is a lot of associated information you should know to work: typescript, MVC and other. It has huge library.It is simple in application programming interface and design and easy to learn.
How much is it flexible?It has a standard structure, leaving not much space for creativity.It has flexible modular solutions and easily adaptable for various projects.
How well does data-bind?Two-wayOne-way
Components and DirectivesDirectives are used for every task. Another type of directive is a component.DOM manipulations are encapsulated through directives. Data logic and view of the components differs.
Time to develop?It requires a complicated syntax for perform simple things.Easy in setting up, does not require much time and changes in syntax.
Suits for?Angular development suits for making large scale applications.Suitable for making single-page applications, but can also be used to develop enterprise applications.
Is it backward compatible?AngularJS development projects can’t be changed over to Angular 2 because of core contrasts.It is backward compatible.
What Architecture does it follow?It is based on MVC (Model View Controller).It is based on the Virtual DOM (Document Object Model).
Can it inherit code?It is not easy to merge angular code with others.Vue code can be effectively merged with other code snippets
ExperienceIt is relatively established.It’s relatively new but very popular

Conclusive: How Are Things Moving With Vue vs Angular in 2020?

The Angular Syntax is quite similar to Vue Syntax but it is mandatory to make use of TypeScript in Angular while Vue.js claims that making use of a type system may result in certain overheads which can affect program’s productivity/efficiency. Subsequently, Vue.js makes use of TypeScript’s Static Type Checking System (but its usage is not mandatory). Vue.js Developers can get going with a fully accomplished Vue.js website in just 24 hours time span with rapid application development (less opinionated than angular). Vue.js component holds more component logic than AngularJS. Contrastingly, Angular directives (components) are slightly more complex than Vue.js directives. Later clearly demarcates component from directives. Vue.js directives encapsulate DOM manipulations while Angular can address a wider range of use cases. Get dedicated Angular vs. Vue.js development from experienced and flexible teams from Konstant for enterprise application development.

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About Author
Neeti Kotia

Neeti Kotia

Neeti got her master's degree in software engineering in 2009 and has been working since for software companies of all sizes as a technical writer. What started as a high school passion has now been converted into a serious profession. She has a special knack of learning from all verticals and imbibing the extracts into her writing. She enjoys learning technical aspects of writing from her tasks where her experience and understanding are most impactful.

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